For a long time, India has been struggling to tackle the rising number of road accidents every year. According to a report published by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Indian roads bear the highest number of road accidents in the world with nearly 1.49 lakh fatalities in 2019. In the automobile industry, experts believe that Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS), or driver assist systems, can contribute significantly to making Indian roads safer with the integration of cutting-edge technologies.
Understanding ADAS- Advanced Driver Assistance System
ADAS are a set of safety features that are designed to enhance vehicle safety and reduce the risk of accidents. These systems use a combination of sensors, cameras, and other technologies to detect potential hazards and provide drivers with alerts or automatic responses to prevent accidents.
In this article, we will discuss the different types of ADAS technologies in India and how they function.
- Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC)
ACC is a technology that automatically adjusts a vehicle’s speed to maintain a safe distance from the vehicle in front. It uses radar or camera sensors to detect the distance between the vehicles and adjust speed accordingly. By maintaining a constant speed, ACC can reduce the risk of rear-end collisions and improve fuel efficiency.
- Lane Departure Warning (LDW)
LDW is a technology that alerts the driver when the vehicle drifts out of its lane. It uses cameras or sensors to detect the lane markings and warns the driver with an audible or visual alert. Using LDW can help prevent accidents caused by distracted driving, fatigue, or other factors.
- Blind Spot Detection (BSD)
Blind spot detection systems use sensors to detect vehicles in the driver’s blind spot. When a vehicle is detected, the system alerts the driver with a visual or audio warning. When changing lanes or merging onto the highway, this feature can prevent accidents caused by blind spots.
- Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB)
AEB applies the brakes automatically when a collision is imminent with a vehicle in front. It uses sensors and algorithms to detect the distance and speed of the vehicle in front. It applies the brakes if the driver does not respond to the FCW alert. Accidents can be reduced in severity and deaths can be prevented with AEB.
- Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS)
TPMS is a technology that monitors the air pressure in a vehicle’s tyres and alerts the driver when the pressure is low. Low tire pressure can lead to reduced fuel efficiency, and tyre wear, and can cause a blowout, which can be dangerous. TPMS can reduce the risk of accidents caused by tyre failure and improve fuel efficiency.
Amongst various ADAS systems, the Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) has emerged as one of the most promising ones for the country. Owing to India’s extremely rough roads and potholes, tyre deformations and explosions are common.
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ADAS technologies have the potential to significantly improve road safety in India. It can help reduce the number of accidents and fatalities by providing drivers with assistance in various driving scenarios. In addition to improving road safety, ADAS technologies can also improve the driving experience and reduce the stress and fatigue of long-distance driving.
By introducing the technologies like ADAS, the Indian automotive industry is striving to make Indian roads safer.